Rural Ethiopia at work, at home, and at play

Impressions on Market Day Eighty-two percent of Ethiopia population is rural – 68 million. On the outskirts of the urban centers of Bahir Dar and Gondar on a busy Saturday in the rainy season, most of these are headed to market on muddy dirt roads. Some are lucky enough to have wheels of some sort (carts, bicycles)…

Complex Systems, Resiliency and Conflict

Some problems are so complex that you have to be highly intelligent and well-informed just to be undecided about them.   Laurent J. Peters A Systems View A system is an internally organized whole, where elements are so intimately connected that they operate as one in relation to external conditions and other systems.  A set…

Conflict Dynamics

Figure 1. Embedded combatant and civilian subsystems in civil conflict drive dynamics for co-evolution of resiliency and violence in civil conflict.  Resiliency in conflict can be seen through the perspective of civilians and different parties to the conflict. The interdependent feedback loops are made evident through the amount of services provided to civilians, the perceived…